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China is scrambling to catch up to AI governance as it has already launched numerous military AI projects. The types of governance models that a Chinese Communist Party run office might develop might be more about assuring continued control of the AI by the elite party members, foremostly, control by Chairman Xi. Considerations of violations of rights to privacy, speech, etc. are not factored into the governance the Chinse Communist Party state will create.
The telegraphing of this need for AI governance by the Chinese State seems, at least to this analyst, to be more about attempting to pretend they are earnestly seeking to build an ethical, rule-of-law based governance model in harmony with the world around her than to share with the world they have a huge deficit in AI development (pressing x to doubt on that claim).
Everyone, I would surmise, to some degree, has major AI governance issues, but these issues are most likely more about agit prop, more about sneaking in a non-direct claim of China being a country you can build your AI dependence on. Trust us, we won’t spy on you or become digital saboteurs.

Regulating Military Application of AI in China – OpenGov Asia

From opengovasia.com
2022-01-10 20:18:22

Excerpt:

China proposed a position paper on regulating the military applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The position paper is China’s first proposal to regulate the military application of AI and the first of its kind under the framework of the United Nations (UN) Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons.

The document focuses on important issues, such as the research and development, deployment and use of AI for military applications, and proposes solutions on how to develop and use AI technology in the military field.

The rapid development and broad application of AI technology have profoundly changed the way people work and live, bringing “great opportunities as well as unforeseeable security challenges to the world. One particular concern is the long-term impacts and potential risks of military applications of AI technology in such aspects as strategic security, rules on governance and ethics.

AI-related security governance is a common challenge. With the wide application of AI in various fields, there are widespread concerns regarding the risks of military applications and even AI’s weaponisation. As the world has multifaceted challenges, countries need to embrace a vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable global security, seek consensus on regulating military applications of AI through dialogue and cooperation, and establish an effective governance regime to prevent serious harm or even disasters caused by military applications of AI to mankind.

China needs to enhance the efforts to regulate military applications of AI to forestall and manage potential risks. Such efforts will help promote mutual trust among countries, safeguard global strategic stability, prevent an arms race and alleviate humanitarian concerns. It will also contribute to building an inclusive and constructive security partnership and striving for the vision of building a community in the AI field.

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